The International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award
The International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award, launched by Dublin City Council in 1996, is the world's richest literary award for a single title, with a prize of €100,000, and is open to fiction published both in English and in other languages and translated into English. In the event of a win by a book in translation, the prize is split 75:25 in the author's favour.
Nominations are made by libraries around the world from books first published in English in the calendar year two years before the year of the award. The longlist, which features all nominated titles, usually consists of well over 100 books and is announced in the November of the year before the award. A panel of figures from the book world selects a shortlist of six to ten titles in April and then a winner in June.
Given the huge number of books that meet the selection criteria, it is not surprising that the range of winners has been extremely diverse, with many being books that had received relatively little attention on publication. Few winners have won other major awards, although Edward Jones' The Known World had previously won both the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the prestigious American prize, the National Book Critics' Circle Award, and Per Petterson's Out Stealing Horses also won the Independent Foreign Fiction Prize. Additionally, both Herta Müller and Orhan Pamuk have gone on to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
The prize has certainly given a huge boost to the international profile of most of its winners. Since nominations are made by the library sector, winning books tend not to be controversial in their subject matter, with the notable exception of Michel Houellebecq's Atomised, whose graphic sexual descriptions divided critics and readers. There has also been some criticism in the past for the dominance of European and North American authors, with the Moroccan Tahar Ben Jelloun the only winner to defy this bias so far.
On 6th June, the 2013 winner was announced as City of Bohane by Kevin Barry. The judges - authors Patrick McCabe, Salim Bachi and Kamila Shamsie, Estonian translator, academic and publisher Krista Kaerand and author and academic Clive Sinclair - said: 'Kevin Barry's Ireland of 2053 is a place you may not want to be alive in but you'll certainly relish reading about. This is not a future of shiny technology but one in which history turns in circles and quirks an eyebrow at the idea of 'progress'.'
The list of nominees for 2014 was announced on 12th November 2013, featuring 152 books. It includes 41 titles in translation from 17 different lnaguages, and 47 first novels. You can see the complete list on the official website.
2012: Even the Dogs by Jon McGregor
2011: Let the Great World Spin by Colum McCann
2010: The Twin by Gerbrand Bakker
2009: Man Gone Down by Michael Thomas
2008: De Niro’s Game by Rawi Hage
2007: Out Stealing Horses by Per Petterson; translated by Anne Born (from Norwegian)
2006: The Master by Colm Tóibín
2005: The Known World by Edward Jones
2004: This Blinding Absence of Light by Tahar Ben Jelloun; translated by Linda Coverdale (from French)
2003: My Name Is Red by Orhan Pamuk; translated by Erdag Göknar (from Turkish)
2002: Atomised by Michel Houellebecq; translated by Frank Wynne (from French)
2001: No Great Mischief by Alistair MacLeod
2000: Wide Open by Nicola Barker
1999: Ingenious Pain by Andrew Miller
1998: The Land of Green Plums by Herta Müller; translated by Michael Hofmann (from German)
1997: A Heart So White by Javier Marías; translated by Margaret Jull Costa (from Spanish)
1996: Remembering Babylon by David Malouf