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Automation Can Prevent the Next Fukushima

Automation Can Prevent the Next Fukushima (Hardback)

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Automation protects against both unsafe conditions and human errors. It is the key to safety in the nuclear power industry. This is the message of this book, written by Bela Liptak, a consultant with more than 50 years' experience in automation and industrial safety. After reviewing the Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Fukushima accidents, he not only concludes that safety automation could have prevented all three, but also explains why they occurred and what was needed to prevent them. In this book, he analyses these accidents and the industry as a whole, concluding that the next Fukushima is unavoidable unless the safety controls of the operating 438 ageing plants around the world are updated and fully automated. He believes that extending their operating licenses without adding the safety systems that are described in this book is irresponsible.

He recommends that nuclear power plants be given operating licenses or license extensions only if they satisfy the following design and automation requirements: The plant has the ability to automatically shut down the reactors even when both internal and external electric power supplies have failed and regardless of what management or the operators do. The energy needed to automatically cool and safely shut down the reactors is made available in an uninterruptible form, such as gravity, and this energy supply is backed up by the always available energy of decay steam. All primary containments are inerted and both the primary and secondary containments are protected against explosions by detecting both the presence of hydrogen and high pressure steam and by automatically triggering filtered venting, if either rises beyond safe limits. The automatic shutdown systems are so designed (like an airbag in a car) that they cannot be turned off by anybody or anything, including cyber-terrorist attacks. Liptak believes that part of the nuclear safety problem is our "manual safety culture," because we still tend to trust humans more than we trust automation.

This is wrong: we should automatically protect our processes also from human errors, we should prevent pilots from flying into buildings (9/11) or ship captains to hit islands (Costa Concordia, Italy). He feels that automation should - and must - be used to make the nuclear power industry safer by providing protection against intentional or unintentional operator actions or from their failure to act.

BusinessBusiness & managementManagement & management techniquesManagement of specific areas & peopleBusinessIndustry & industrial studiesIndustrial relations & safetyOccupational / industrial health & safety Publisher: ISA Publication Date: 28/02/2014 ISBN-13: 9780876640173  Details: Type: Hardback Format: Books
Availability: To Order. Estimated despatch in 1-3 weeks.  

Bela Liptak was born in 1936 in Hungary. As a Technical University student, he participated in the revolution against the Soviet occupation, escaped, and entered the United States as a refugee in 1956. He received an engineering degree from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1959 and a master's degree from CCNY in 1962. He later did graduate work at Pratt Institute. In 1960, he became the Chief Instrument Engineer of Crawford and Russell, where he led the automation of dozens of industrial plants for more than a decade. In 1969, he published the multivolume Instrument and Automation Engineers' Handbook , which today is in its 5th edition. In 1975, he received his professional engineering license and founded his consulting firm, Bela Liptak Associates PC, which provides design and consulting services in the fields of automation and industrial safety. Over the years he lectured on automation at many universities around the world, including Yale University, where he taught automation as an adjunct professor in 1987. His more than 50 years of professional experience include the automation of several dozen industrial plants, the publication of over 300 technical articles, and over 20 books, all dealing with various aspects of automation. In 1973, he was elected an ISA fellow. In 1995, he received the Technical Achievement Award from ISA. He was the keynote speaker at the 2002 and 2011 ISA conferences, and in 2012 he received the Lifetime Achievement Award from ISA.

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