Enter your search into one or more of the boxes below:
You can refine your search by selecting from any of the options below:
Between Alienation and Citizenship: The Evolution of Black West Indian Society in Panama, 1914-1964

Between Alienation and Citizenship: The Evolution of Black West Indian Society in Panama, 1914-1964 (Paperback)

To Order. Estimated despatch in 1-3 weeks.
Email me when back in stock


Between Alienation and Citizenship traces the history of the Black West Indian immigrant society in Panama from 1914 to 1964. Originally brought to Panama by the Americans and French as labor for the building of the Panama Canal, many of the workers stayed behind after completion of the canal to work for the Americans. Buffeted and battered by racism and prejudice from the Americans and xenophobia and chauvinism from the Panamanians, they created a thriving and even occasionally flourishing subculture and society. During much of the 50 years encompassed in this study, the Panamanian Black West Indian society existed in a kind of no man's land. The Panamanians were unwilling to accept them as full citizens even though many were born in Panama, and the Americans treated them as second-class citizens. The immigrants, also known as 'nowhereans,' faced this crisis of identity and homelessness with a steely determination and tenacity to survive. They established institutions, schools, churches, businesses, and profoundly changed the life and culture of Panama in ways that are still evident today.

Between Alienation and Citizenship is a story of survival, tenacity, determination, and courage.

History & PoliticsHistory: Chronological20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000History & PoliticsHistory: ChronologicalEarly history: c 500 to c 1450/1500History & PoliticsHistory: specific events & topicsSocial & cultural historyHistory & PoliticsRegional & national historyHistory of the Americas Publisher: University Press of America Publication Date: 26/04/2006 ISBN-13: 9780761832386  Details: Type: Paperback Format: Books
Availability: To Order. Estimated despatch in 1-3 weeks.  

Trevor O'Reggio is Director of the M.A. in religion at Andrews University. He earned his Ph.D. and M.A. in History from the University of Chicago and an M.Div. in Theology from Andrews University. Dr. O'Reggio is an active preacher, guest lecturer, and presenter at ministerial conferences and for various congregations.

More books by Trevor O'Reggio

Leave Review


Delivery Options

All delivery times quoted are the average, and cannot be guaranteed. These should be added to the availability message time, to determine when the goods will arrive. During checkout we will give you a cumulative estimated date for delivery.

Location 1st Book Each additional book Average Delivery Time
UK Second Class Available free for ALL orders. No charge for each additional book. 3-7 Days
UK First Class £4.50 £1.00 1-2 Days
UK Courier £7.00 £1.00 1-2 Days
Western Europe** Courier £17.00 £3.00 2-3 Days
Western Europe** Airmail £5.00 £1.50 4-14 Days
USA / Canada Courier £20.00 £3.00 2-4 Days
USA / Canada Airmail £7.00 £3.00 4-14 Days
Rest of World Courier £22.50 £3.00 3-6 Days
Rest of World Airmail £8.00 £3.00 7-21 Days

** Includes Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Irish Republic, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.

Delivery Help & FAQs

Returns Information

If you are not completely satisfied with your purchase*, you may return it to us in its original condition with in 30 days of receiving your delivery or collection notification email for a refund. Except for damaged items or delivery issues the cost of return postage is borne by the buyer. Your statutory rights are not affected.

* For Exclusions and terms on damaged or delivery issues see Returns Help & FAQs

You might also like

George Washington: Military Genius
Dave Richard Palmer
The Cinema of Cuba: Contemporary Film...
Ann Marie Stock; Guy Baron; Antonio...
The Great Lakes at Ten Miles an Hour:...
Thomas Shevory
The Mayflower Generation: The Winslow...
Rebecca Fraser
Latest Blog
Under the Knife: Recreating the Grimy World of Victorian Surgery

Lindsey describes how she made the trailer for her debut The Butchering Art in order to see how the sights, sounds, and smells of this gruesome period in medical history would translate onto the screen.

The Sky Doesn't Have to be Blue: Steve Antony on Life as a Colour Blind Illustrator

Steve explains what it's like to be a colour blind illustrator and why the sky doesn't have to be blue.

The Gordon Burn Prize - Interrogating the Past

In advance of the winner announcement, we review the titles shortlisted for this year's Gordon Burn Prize

View all Blog Entries
Show/Hide Tweets
© W&G Foyle Ltd