Enter your search into one or more of the boxes below:
You can refine your search by selecting from any of the options below:
Legitimisation in Political Discourse: A Cross-Disciplinary Perspective on the Modern US War Rhetoric

Legitimisation in Political Discourse: A Cross-Disciplinary Perspective on the Modern US War Rhetoric (Paperback)

To Order. Estimated despatch in 1-3 weeks.
Email me when back in stock


How did the G.W. Bush administration manage to persuade Americans to go to war in Iraq in March 2003? How was this intervention, and the global campaign named as "war-on-terror," legitimised linguistically? This book shows that the best legitimisation effects in political discourse are accomplished through the use of 'proximization'-a cognitive-rhetorical strategy that draws on the spaker's ability to present events as directly and increasingly affecting the addressee, usually in a negative or threatening way. There are three aspects of proximization: spatial, temporal and axiological. The spatial aspect involves the construal of events in the discourse as physically endangering the addressee. The temporal aspect involves presenting the events as increasingly momentous and historic and hence of central significance to both the addressee and the speaker. The axiological aspect consists in a growing clash between the system of values adhered to by the speaker and the addressee, and the values characterizing a third party whose actions, ideologically negative, are made "proximate" and thus threatening.

Although the tripartite model of proximization proposed in the book is complex at the level of its linguistic realisation, the working assumption is intriguingly basic: addressees of political discourse are more likely to legitimise pre-emptive actions aimed at neutralizing the proximate "threat" if they construe the threat as personally consequential. The book shows how language of the war-on-terror, and especially the rhetoric of the Iraq war, respond to this precondition. This second revised edition features an extended preface and a new closing chapter, which update the model into its state-of-the-art, 2008 version.

Piotr Cap ( is Full Professor and Head of the Department of Pragmatics at the Institute of English, University of Lodz, Poland. He has published numerous books and papers in the field of linguistic pragmatics, political linguistics and language of the media. A Fulbright Fellow at the University of California, Berkeley and Boston University, he has been invited to lecture at several American and European universities.

More books by Piotr Cap

Leave Review


Delivery Options

All delivery times quoted are the average, and cannot be guaranteed. These should be added to the availability message time, to determine when the goods will arrive. During checkout we will give you a cumulative estimated date for delivery.

Location 1st Book Each additional book Average Delivery Time
UK Standard Delivery FREE FREE 3-5 Days
UK First Class £4.50 £1.00 1-2 Days
UK Courier £7.00 £1.00 1-2 Days
Western Europe** Courier £17.00 £3.00 2-3 Days
Western Europe** Airmail £5.00 £1.50 4-14 Days
USA / Canada Courier £20.00 £3.00 2-4 Days
USA / Canada Airmail £7.00 £3.00 4-14 Days
Rest of World Courier £22.50 £3.00 3-6 Days
Rest of World Airmail £8.00 £3.00 7-21 Days

** Includes Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Irish Republic, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.

Delivery Help & FAQs

Returns Information

If you are not completely satisfied with your purchase*, you may return it to us in its original condition with in 30 days of receiving your delivery or collection notification email for a refund. Except for damaged items or delivery issues the cost of return postage is borne by the buyer. Your statutory rights are not affected.

* For Exclusions and terms on damaged or delivery issues see Returns Help & FAQs

You might also like

A Broken Propeller: Baz Bagby and...
Betty Goerke

Currently out of stock

Early US Armor: Armored Cars 1915-40
Steven J. Zaloga; Felipe Rodriguez
Sagger Anti-Tank Missile vs M60 Main...
Chris McNab; Johnny Shumate; Alan...
HMS Victory Pocket Manual 1805:...
Peter Goodwin
Latest Blog
Jealousy, Rivalry, Insecurity, Frustration... Non Pratt Explores the World of Female Teenage Friendships

Non explores friendship in YA novels and especially those that depict the imperfect middle ground.

#FoylesFive: Pre-orders

Matt from our Web Team jumps into the future and brings back some reading recommends for 2018.

Emily Koch Introduces Some of Fiction's Most Memorable Narrators

Exclusively for Foyles, Emily introduces some of her favourite and most memorable first person narrators.

View all Blog Entries
Show/Hide Tweets
© W&G Foyle Ltd