Samuel Walker is Professor Emeritus of Criminal Justice at the University of Nebraska at Omaha. After retiring in 2005 he has continued his research, writing and consulting on police accountability, citizen oversight of the police, early intervention systems for police officers, and civil liberties. Professor Walker is the author of 14 books, which have appeared in 33 different editions. His most recent book is Presidents and Civil Liberties from Wilson to Obama (2012). His other books include The Police in America: An Introduction [with Charles M. Katz] (8th ed., 2013), Police Accountability: The Role of Citizen Oversight (2001), Taming the System: The Control of Discretion in Criminal Justice, 1950-1990 (1993), Sense and Nonsense About Crime (7th ed., 2011), The Color of Justice: Race, Ethnicity, and Crime in America (with C. Spohn & M. DeLone) (5th ed., 2003), and In Defense of American Liberties: A History of the ACLU (2nd ed., 2000). He is the author of Early Intervention Systems for Law Enforcement Agencies: A Planning and Management Guide (2003), published by the COPS Office of the U.S. Department of Justice. Professor Walker has served as a consultant to the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice and to police departments, local governments and community groups in over 35 cities and counties across the country on different police issues. Professor Walker also maintains electronic resources for students and instructors interested in learning more about police accountability at: samuelwalker.net. Carol A. Archbold is an Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at North Dakota State University in Fargo, North Dakota. She earned her PhD from the University of Nebraska-Omaha in 2002. Dr. Archbold's research interests include women in policing, police accountability and liability, police handling of sexual assault cases, and police and race issues. She has published articles in such journals as Police Quarterly, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, International Journal of Police Science and Management, Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, Journal of Criminal Justice, and the Journal of Crime and Justice. In 2004, Dr. Archbold published a book based on the first national study of the use of risk management in law enforce-ment in the United States, Police Accountability, Risk Management and Legal Advising (LFB Scholarly Publishing). This study was the focus of her dissertation. Along with Samuel Walker and Leigh Herbst (Culver), she was a contributing author for "Mediating Citizen Complaints Against Police Officers: A Guide for Police and Citizens," funded by the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (United States Department of Justice, Washington, DC). In 2011, she was one of three authors of a reader, Women and Policing in America: Classic and Contemporary Readings (Aspen Publishing), with Dorothy Moses Schulz and Kimberly Hassell. Dr. Archbold authored "Policing: A Text/Reader" for SAGE Publications in 2012. She recently completed a study which examines how an increase in population from an oil boom impacts the police and crime in western North Dakota, and is currently working on a national study of police misconduct.
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