Enter your search into one or more of the boxes below:
You can refine your search by selecting from any of the options below:
Spatial Modelling in Forest Ecology and Management: A Case Study
Foyalty 292

Spatial Modelling in Forest Ecology and Management: A Case Study (Paperback)

Despatched in 2 business days.


At the end of the 1970s, when signs of destabilization of forests became visible in Eu- rope on a large scale, it soon became obvious that the syndrome called "forest de- cline" was caused by a network of interrelated factors of abiotic and biotic origin. All attempts to explain the wide-spread syndrome by a single cause, and there were many of them, failed or can only be regarded as a single mosaic stone in the network of caus- es behind the phenomenon. Forest ecosystems are highly complex natural or quasi- natural systems, which exhibit different structures and functions and as a conse- quence different resilience to internal or external stresses. Moreover, forest ecosys- tems have a long history, which means that former impacts may act as predisposing factors for other stresses. The complexity and the different history of forest ecosys- tems are two reasons that make it difficult to assess the actual state and future devel- opment of forests. But there are two other reasons: one is the large time scale in which forests react, the other is the idiosyncrasy of the reactions on different sites. Due to the slow reaction and the regional complexity of the abiotic environment of forest ecosys- tems, a profound analysis of each site and region is necessary to identify the underly- ing causes and driving forces when attempting to overcome the destruction of forest ecosystems.

Natural World & The EnvironmentAgriculture & farmingForestry & silviculture: practice & techniquesScience & MathematicsBiology, life sciencesLife sciences: general issuesEcological science, the BiosphereScience & MathematicsGeographyGIS Geographical information systems & remote sensingTechnicalEnvironmental science, engineering & technology Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. KG Publication Date: 08/10/2012 ISBN-13: 9783642628047  Details: Type: Paperback Format: Books
Availability: Despatched in 2 business days. Login for Quick Checkout Add to Basket

More books by Martin Jansen

More books by Michael Judas

More books by Joachim Saborowski

Leave Review


Delivery Options

All delivery times quoted are the average, and cannot be guaranteed. These should be added to the availability message time, to determine when the goods will arrive. During checkout we will give you a cumulative estimated date for delivery.

Location 1st Book Each additional book Average Delivery Time
UK Standard Delivery FREE FREE 3-5 Days
UK First Class £4.50 £1.00 1-2 Days
UK Courier £7.00 £1.00 1-2 Days
Western Europe** Courier £17.00 £3.00 2-3 Days
Western Europe** Airmail £5.00 £1.50 4-14 Days
USA / Canada Courier £20.00 £3.00 2-4 Days
USA / Canada Airmail £7.00 £3.00 4-14 Days
Rest of World Courier £22.50 £3.00 3-6 Days
Rest of World Airmail £8.00 £3.00 7-21 Days

** Includes Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Irish Republic, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.

Delivery Help & FAQs

Returns Information

If you are not completely satisfied with your purchase*, you may return it to us in its original condition with in 30 days of receiving your delivery or collection notification email for a refund. Except for damaged items or delivery issues the cost of return postage is borne by the buyer. Your statutory rights are not affected.

* For Exclusions and terms on damaged or delivery issues see Returns Help & FAQs

You might also like

British and Irish Butterflies: An...
Roger L H Dennis; Peter B Hardy
William D. Bowman; Sally D. Hacker;...
Ground Truth: A Guide to Tracking...
Mark L. Hineline
© W&G Foyle Ltd
Foyles uses cookies to help ensure your experience on our site is the best possible. Click here if you’d like to find out more about the types of cookies we use.
Accept and Close