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Slavery and Islam
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Slavery and Islam (Paperback)

£20.00
Pre-order for despatch on publication.

Synopsis

What happens when authorities you venerate condone something you know is wrong?







Every major religion and philosophy once condoned or approved of slavery, but in modern times nothing is seen as more evil. Americans confront this crisis of authority when they erect statues of Founding Fathers who slept with their slaves. And Muslims faced it when ISIS revived sex-slavery, justifying it with verses from the Quran and the practice of Muhammad.







Exploring the moral and ultimately theological problem of slavery, Jonathan A.C. Brown traces how the Christian, Jewish and Islamic traditions have tried to reconcile modern moral certainties with the infallibility of God's message. He lays out how Islam viewed slavery in theory, and the reality of how it was practiced across Islamic civilization. Finally, Brown carefully examines arguments put forward by Muslims for the abolition of slavery.















CONTENTS

Introduction: Can We Talk About Slavery?







What I Argue in this Book







Apology for Slavery?







Power and the Study of Slavery







Blackness, Whiteness and Slavery















1. Does 'Slavery' Exist? The Problem of Definition







The Main Argument







Definition: A Creative Process







Definition to Discourse: A Political Process







Defining \ sla-v(a-)re\: We Know It When We See It







Defining Slavery as Status or a Condition







Slavery as Unfreedom







Slavery as Human Property







Slavery as Distinction: The Lowest Rung & Marginality







Slavery as Coercion & Exploitation under the Threat of Violence







The Problem with Modern-Day Slavery







Slavery & Islam - A Very Political Question







Conclusion: Of Course, Slavery Exists







The Proper Terms for Speaking about 'Slavery'















2. Slavery in the Shariah







What Islam Says about Slavery - Ideals and Reality







Slavery in the Quran & Sunna







Inheriting the Near East - Roman, Jewish and Near Eastern Laws versus Islam







Islam's Reform of Slavery







Basic Principles of Riqq in the Shariah







The Ambiguities of Slavery in the Shariah







Riqq & Rights in the Shariah







Summary: Law and Ethics















3. Slavery in Islamic Civilization







What is Islamic Civilization?







Is there 'Islamic Slavery'?







The Shariah & Islamic Slavery







The Classic Slavery Zone







Consuming People & 'Ascending Miscegenation'







Slave Populations







Routes of the Muslim Slave Trade







Blackness and Slavery in Islamic Civilization







The Roles and Experiences of Slaves in Islamic Civilization







The Slave as Uprooted Person and Commodity







The Slave as Domestic Labor . . . Even Trusted Member of a Household







Slave as Sexual Partner







Slave as Saint, Scholar or Poet







Slave as Elite Administrator & Courtesan







Slave as Soldier - When Soldiers often Ruled







Slave as Rebel















4. The Slavery Conundrum







No Squaring the Circle: The American/Islamic Slavery Conundrum







Slavery is Evil







Religions and Slavery







Slavery is Slavery: The Problem of Labeling 'Slavery' with One Moral Judgment







The Past as Moral Authority: Can We Part with the Past?















5. Abolishing Slavery in Islam







Is Abolition Indigenous to Islam or Not?







Islam as Emancipatory Force - An Alternative History







Abolishing Slavery . . . For Whom? Concentric Circles of Abolition







'The Lawgiver Looks Expectantly Towards Freedom' - Abolition as an Aim of the Shariah







Doubling Down - Progressive Islam & the Axiomatic Evil of Slavery







Prohibited by the Ruler but Not by God: The Crucial Matter of Taqyid al-Mubah







If You Can't Do it Right, You Can't Do it at All - Prohibiting Riqq Poorly Done







Same Shariah, Diff erent Conditions - The Obsolescence or Unfavorability of Slavery







Slavery: A Moot Point & Bad PR







Defending Slavery in Islam















6. The Prophet & ISIS: Evaluating Muslim Abolition







Do Muslim Approaches to Abolition Pass Moral Muster?







A Consensus on Abolition







Could Slavery in Islam ever be Unabolished?







Abolition vs. ISIS







This Author's Opinion















7. Concubines and Consent: Can We Solve the Moral Problem of Slavery?







Species of Moral Change







Moral Disgust at Slavery Today







Conclusion & Crisis: Concubinage and Consent







Disbelief is Unproductive















Appendices







Select Bibliography







Notes







Index

History & PoliticsHistory: specific events & topicsSlavery & abolition of slaveryLawJurisprudence & general issuesSystems of lawIslamic lawPhilosophy, Psychology & Social SciencesSocial groupsReligious groups: social & cultural aspectsIslamic studiesReligion & BeliefsIslamThe KoranReligion & BeliefsReligion: generalComparative religion Publisher: Oneworld Publications Publication Date: 01/10/2020 ISBN-13: 9781786078391  Details: Type: Paperback Format: Books
Availability: Pre-order for despatch on publication. Pre-Order

Jonathan A.C. Brown is Associate Professor of Islamic Studies and the Alwaleed bin Talal Chair of Islamic Civilization in the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. His previous books include Misquoting Muhammad and Hadith: Muhammad's Legacy in the Medieval and Modern World, both of which are published by Oneworld. He lives in Virginia.

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