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Conflicts in Interpretation
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Conflicts in Interpretation (Hardback)

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"Conflicts in Interpretation" applies novel methods of constraint interaction, derived from connectionist theories and implemented in linguistics within the framework of Optimality Theory, to core semantic and pragmatic issues such as polysemy, negation, (in)definiteness, focus, anaphora, and rhetorical structure. It explores the hypothesis that a natural language grammar is a set of potentially conflicting constraints on forms and meanings. Moreover, it hypothesizes that competent language users not only optimize from an input form to the optimal output meaning for this form, or vice versa, but also consider the opposite direction of optimization, thus taking into account the speaker as a hearer and taking into account the hearer as a speaker. The book aims to show that such a bidirectional constraint-based grammar sheds new light on the relation between form and meaning, within a sentence as well as across sentence boundaries, within a single language as well as across languages, and within competent adult language users as well as during language development.

An important dimension of the book is the structured investigation of issues at the interface of semantics with syntax and pragmatics, such as the effects of distinguishing between speaker's perspective and hearer's perspective in comprehension and production, stable and instable patterns of form and meaning across languages, and the development of a coherent pattern of form and meaning in children. The book will be of interest to any researcher or advanced student in linguistics, cognitive science, language typology, or psycholinguistics who is interested in the capacity of our human mind to map meaning onto form, and form onto meaning.

Languages with Grant & CutlerLinguisticsSemanticsLanguages with Grant & CutlerLinguisticsTranslation & interpretation Publisher: Equinox Publishing Ltd Publication Date: 06/04/2010 ISBN-13: 9781845534370  Details: Type: Hardback Format: Books
Availability: Currently unavailable to order online.  

Petra Hendriks is a Professor at the University of Groningen, The Netherlands. Her publications include Breinmakers en Breinbrekers (Addison Wesley Longman, 1997) and (with Helen de Hoop and Reinhard Blutner) Optimal Communication (CSLI Publications, Stanford, 2006). Helen de Hoop is a Professor at Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Her publications include editing (with Mengistu Amberber) Competition and variation in natural languages: the case for case (Elsevier, Oxford, 2005) and (with Petra Hendriks and Reinhard Blutner) Optimal Communication (CSLI Publications, Stanford, 2006). Irene Kramer is a Lecturer at the Iselinge School of Education, Doetinchem, The Netherlands. She was a guest editor of the journal Lingua, and co-edited the volume Cognitive Foundations of Interpretation (Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science, Amsterdam, 2007). HenriA"tte de Swart is a Professor at Utrecht University, The Netherlands. She is the author of Introduction to natural language semantics ( CSLI Publications, Stanford, 1998) and (with Donka Farkas) The semantics of incorporation: from argument structure to discourse transparency (CSLI Publications, Stanford, 2003). She co-edited the volumes Handbook of French Semantics (CSLI Publications, Stanford, 2004) and Perspectives on Aspect (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2005). Joost Zwarts is an Assistant Professor at Utrecht University, The Netherlands. He is the author of The Phonology of Endo (LINCOM Studies in African Linguistics 59, 2004) and the co-editor of Cognitive Foundations of Interpretation (Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science, Amsterdam, 2007).

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